The situation of human rights in Pakistan is complex as a result of the country’s diversity, large population, its status as a developing country and a sovereignIslamic republic as well as an Islamic democracy with a mixture of both Islamic and secular laws. The Constitution of Pakistan provides for fundamental rights, which include freedom of speechfreedom of thoughtfreedom of informationfreedom of religionfreedom of associationfreedom of the pressfreedom of assembly and the (conditional) right to bear arms. The Clauses also provide for an independent Supreme Court, separation of executive and judiciary, an independent judiciary, independent Human Rights commission and freedom of movement within the country and abroad. However it is debatable how much these clauses are respected in practice.

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